Adamawa and Borno – COVID-19 Danger Indicators: Assessing Arduous-to-Attain Areas in Northeast Nigeria (November 2020) – Nigeria


The continuation of the conflict in northeastern Nigeria has created a complex humanitarian crisis that makes it difficult for humanitarian actors to reach parts of the Borno and Adamawa (H2R) states. Previous assessments show how the conflict continues to have dire consequences for people in H2R areas. Additionally, people in H2R areas are very vulnerable to the spread and impact of COVID-19 due to the general insecurity exacerbated by lack of access to basic services and infrastructure such as health and information sources. The first confirmed cases in the states of Borno and Adamawa were announced on April 20 and April 22, 2020, respectively. Due to the limited access to H2R areas, it is unlikely that an outbreak will be confirmed in these areas. It is therefore very important to assess the situation of the population in H2R areas in order to monitor changes and inform those involved in humanitarian aid about the immediate needs of the communities.


With the AoK method (Area of ​​Knowledge), REACH monitors the situation in H2R areas remotely through monthly cross-sector interviews in accessible capitals of the Local Government Area (LGA). REACH surveys key informants (AIs) who 1) have recently arrived and are internally displaced persons (IDPs) who left an H2R settlement in the past month or 2) have been in contact with someone who has recently been in an H2R -Settlement lives or crosses this month (e.g. traders, migrants, relatives, etc.).

Unless otherwise stated, the recall period is set to one month before the last information the AI ​​received from the hard-to-reach area. Selected KIs are specifically sampled and asked about settlement-wide circumstances in H2R areas.

Responses from AIs reporting on the same billing are then aggregated to the billing level. The most common answer from most AIs is given for each settlement. If a most common answer could not be identified, the answer is considered “no consensus”. While included in the calculations, the percentage of settlements for which no consensus was reached is not always shown in the following results.

Due to precautionary measures related to the COVID-19 outbreak, data was collected from remote telephone interviews with the assistance of local stakeholders.

Unless otherwise stated, the results presented in this factsheet indicate the proportion of the accounts assessed within the framework of an LGA. The results are only reported in LGAs in which at least 5% of the populated settlements and at least 5 settlements in the respective LGA were assessed. The results presented indicate broader trends in the assessed settlements in November 2020 and cannot be statistically generalized.

Rating coverage

951KIs interviewed

606 accounts assessed

21 LGAs rated

16 LGAs with sufficient coverage

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