The combination of instability and crime has had a dramatic impact on the lives of people in Nigeria. It is estimated that over 70,000 civilians from northwestern Nigeria have sought refuge in the Republic of Niger in the past year.
Much of it was done by motorcycle bandits.
The conception of these groups is complicated. They are not religiously and ideologically motivated like the Islamic State in the province of West Africa.
Nor do they have strong and centralized leadership or international affiliations. Instead, her main motivation appears to be financial and her modus operandi is opportunistic.
The bandits increase their income by extorting ransom from the kidnapped victims, as well as cattle theft and extortion. A classic strategy of bandit blackmail is to set houses and grain stores on fire in order to intimidate individuals into paying. In early 2019, former Zamfara state governor Abdulaziz Yari reportedly said that nearly 500 villages and 13,000 hectares of land had been destroyed and 2,835 people killed in just seven years.
Banditry has also disrupted the lives of local traders, who are forced to stay indoors for fear of attack and kidnapping. For example, on May 26, an armed group blocked the road, stopped local cattle dealers on their way to the Garin Gadi weekly market in Sokoto state and robbed them of money and goods valued at 12,000,000 naira (nearly $ 30,000).
The economic impact of these processes has been dramatic: The consumer price index report for June 2021 shows that food inflation skyrocketed to 21.83% month on month.
In the absence of an effective government response, Nigerian citizens are left to their own devices.
This increases the risk that bandit attacks will trigger new cycles of violence. – The continent
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