Nigeria – Floods Response: Flash Update 4 (Last Updated: 14 December 2022) – Nigeria

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HIGHLIGHTS
• Floods have affected more than 4.4 million people across Nigeria since July, with over 2.4 million people displaced. More than half of these are in Bayelsa State.
• Some 676,000 hectares of farmland have been destroyed. The damage to the current harvest and limited access to income risks elevating emergency food insecurity in the coming months.
• Priority humanitarian needs remain shelter, access to clean water and sanitation, food, health care, and interventions to prevent or address disease outbreaks such as cholera.
• As flood water recedes in many locations, there is a shift from an emergency response towards a recovery response.

SITUATION OVERVIEW
Severe floods have affected more than 4.4 million people across Nigeria since July, according to the latest update by the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA). The floods have displaced over 2.4 million people. More than 660 people have lost their lives. The catastrophic floods have also made 174,000 houses unfit for habitation. The floods have damaged more than 676,000 hectares of farmland in some areas in the harvest season and may worsen already alarming levels of hunger and malnutrition in the country. More than 19.5 million people in Nigeria were already facing severe food insecurity before the floods, according to the 2022 Cadre Harmonisé food security and nutrition assessment. As floodwaters recede people move back to their homes, partners are moving from an emergency response towards a recovery response. Many of the humanitarian needs remain the same, including shelter needs, interventions to prevent or address disease outbreaks such as cholera, providing access to food, clean water and sanitation, health care and other essentials. Government and humanitarian partners are also coordinating support for the restoration of basic services, including primary health care and water facilities, schools, and other critical infrastructure. Agricultural support – including replacing seeds and tools and other productive assets – is urgently needed to respond to crop losses during the harvest season and to help farmers resume their livelihoods. This is critical to address food security and, potentially, malnutrition. A third phase, including measures to improve early warning, preparedness and contingency planning, mitigation, and disaster risk reduction, as well as anticipatory action for next year, is being discussed with authorities to mitigate the worst effects and enhance people’s resilience to future disasters.

Disclaimer

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs To learn more about OCHA’s activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.

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