The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors the development of basic food prices in countries affected by food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin contains a series of graphs showing monthly prices for the current fiscal year in selected urban centers. This allows users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, which show seasonal trends, and last year prices.
Sorghum, corn, millet, long bean, gari (fermented cassava starch) and rice can be found in Nigerian markets. Sorghum, millet and corn are widely consumed by most households, but especially in the north, and are used by various industries. Corn is mainly used by the poultry industry as a raw material for animal feed, while sorghum is used by breweries to make beverages. Sorghum and millet are important for households in the north, especially for the frontier markets, where millet is also heavily traded with Niger. Gari is widely consumed by households in the south and some in the north. Rice is produced and consumed across the country. The north is an important production and consumption area for cowpeas, which flows south to be used by households and the food industry. Ilela, Maiadua and Damasak are important cross-border markets with Niger. Saminaka, Giwa, Dandume and Kaura Namoda are major grain markets in the north, connected to Dawanu Market in Kano, the largest wholesale market in West Africa, and some southern markets such as Bodija Market in Ibadan. Millet, sorghum, corn and long beans are some of the main grains traded in Kano, while cassava and some grains are traded in Ibadan.