Rising violence and displacement continue to affect the humanitarian situation in northeastern Nigeria – the main focal point of the armed conflict in the country – which has been exacerbated by trade disruptions and an economic decline linked to the effects of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-) . 19). The latest Cadre Harmonisé analysis (March 2021) shows that 9.2 million people across the country are facing a crisis or worse food insecurity (March – May 2021), 3.2 million of them in the states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe. That number is projected to rise to over 12.8 million people from June to August 2021, including 4.4 million in the three northeastern states, unless resilience and humanitarian action is taken.
Climate change and variability, limited access to agricultural land, and high food prices also adversely affect food security and nutrition in the northeastern states. Given the deteriorating food security and increased risk of hunger in areas of Borno State, it is critical to provide the most vulnerable households with farm inputs well in advance of the June planting season to rapidly improve food availability and access. In addition, animal husbandry and aquaculture measures reduce the risk of seasonal crop failure and other climate-related shocks and underline the importance of diversifying production and sources of livelihood. Finally, by assisting fuel manufacturing in the production of fuels, the risks associated with malnutrition, protection, deforestation, health and community tensions over natural resources will be reduced.