This report, which includes the results of Round 35 of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) assessments carried out by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), aims to understand the scale of internal displacements, returns and the needs of populations affected by conflict affected populations to improve States in northeastern Nigeria. The report covers the period November 9-21, 2020 and reflects the trends of the six states in the geopolitical zone in northeastern Nigeria. This zone is hardest hit by the conflict and consists of the following states: Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe.
In round 35, 2,150,243 internally displaced persons or 442,297 households were registered as displaced persons, an increase of 6,108 people (or 0.3%) compared to the last rating published in January 2021 (round 34), when 2,144,135 internally displaced persons were registered as displaced persons were registered. The number of internally displaced persons increased by 1.2 percent in Round 34 compared to Round 33. The number of internally displaced persons in Round 35 is also higher than in Round 32, which was conducted in June 2020 when 2,088,124 internally displaced persons were identified. Prior to round 32, the February 2020 assessment (round 31) recorded 2,046,604 internally displaced persons, confirming a 5 percent increase in the number of internally displaced persons over the past year.
The number of displaced persons in the region is now well above the number recorded in Round 25 (2,026,602 people) that was recorded prior to the observation of escalating violence in October 2018 (increase of more than 6%). This despite the fact that accessibility is guaranteed remains lower than in the 25th round and earlier. Since the 25th evaluation round, the LGAs Kukawa, Kala / Balge and Guzamala in Borno state have been largely inaccessible due to the increasing hostility in these districts. In lap 29 the Rann station in Kala / Balge LGA became accessible again and is still accessible today. Given that the number of internally displaced persons is slowly increasing, although accessibility remains low for the moment, it can be assumed that the actual displacements could be significantly higher. In order to gain insights into the profiles of internally displaced persons, interviews were carried out in this evaluation round with 5.5 percent of the identified internally displaced persons – 117,998 displaced persons. The information gathered and analyzed in this report includes the reasons for displacement, places of origin and types of accommodation, mobility patterns and unmet needs of the displaced population.
In round 35, evaluations were carried out at 2,396 locations (compared to 2,391 locations compared to round 34 of the evaluations carried out in October 2020). The locations assessed included 308 camps and camp-like settlements (compared to 306 in round 34) and 2,088 locations where internally displaced persons lived in host communities (compared to 2,085 in round 34). The aim was to better understand the gaps in the services provided and the needs of the affected population. The site assessments included an analysis of industry needs, including shelter and non-food items (NFIs), water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), food and nutrition, health, education, livelihood, safety, communication and protection.
In addition, a total of 1,742,907 returnees were recorded in DTM lap 35. This means an increase of 6,058 people or less than 1 percent compared to round 34 when 1,736,849 returnees were registered (October 2020). This figure confirms the increasing trend in the number of returnees observed over the course of 2020.
This report will focus in particular on the dynamics of displacement in Borno State, which is hardest hit by the conflict in the northeastern zone of Nigeria.