This report, which includes the results of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) assessments of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in Round 34, aims to understand the scope of internal displacements, returns and the needs of populations affected in conflict affected populations to improve states of the geopolitical zone in northeastern Nigeria. The report covers the period from September 21 to October 10, 2020 and reflects the trends of the six most severely affected northeastern states of Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe.
In round 34, 2,144,135 internally displaced persons or 441,361 households were registered as displaced persons, an increase of 25,585 people (1%) compared to the last assessment published in September 2020 (round 33) when 2,118,550 internally displaced persons were registered as displaced persons. The numbers for Round 33 were also 2 percent higher than the IDPs identified in Round 32, which was conducted in June 2020. The number is also slightly higher than the number in Round 31, which was conducted in February 2020 when 2,046,604 internally displaced persons were identified, confirming a plateau in displacement trends. Prior to round 31, the December 2019 assessment registered 2,039,092 internally displaced persons.
The number of displaced persons in the region is now well above the number recorded in Round 25 (2,026,602), which was carried out before an escalation in violence was observed in October 2018, although accessibility remains lower than in Round 25 and earlier. During the 25th round, a higher number of local government areas (LGAs or districts) and counties (807) were accessible. Given that the number of internally displaced persons is slowly increasing, although accessibility remains poor, it can be concluded that the actual displacements could be much higher.
In order to gain insights into the profiles of internally displaced persons, interviews were carried out in this assessment round with 4 percent of the identified internally displaced persons – 116,018 displaced persons. The information gathered and analyzed in this report includes the reasons for displacement, places of origin and types of accommodation, mobility patterns and unmet needs of the displaced population. In addition, site assessments were conducted at 2,391 sites, including sites where internally displaced persons lived in camps and camp-like environments, as well as sites where displaced persons lived in host communities (up from 2,388 in the last assessment round 33, which was conducted in August 2020). The aim was to better understand the gaps in the services provided and the needs of the affected population. These locations included 306 (out of 300 in Round 33) camps and camp-like facilities housing internally displaced persons and 2,085 locations in which the displaced persons lived in host communities (slight decrease since the last round of assessment when 2,088 such host community sites were assessed). The site assessments included an analysis of industry needs, including shelter and non-food items, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), food and nutrition, health, education, livelihood, safety, communication and protection.
In addition, a total of 1,736,849 returnees were registered in the DTM lap 34, an increase of 22,167 (1%) compared to 1,714,682 returnees who were registered in the last assessment carried out in August 2020 (lap 33). The number confirms an increase in the trend in terms of the number of returnees that has continued through 2020. This report provides analysis of the increasing number of returnees, profiles, time and reasons for their initial displacement, protection conditions, health, education, livelihood, market, support and WASH facilities available to EU returnees. As the northeastern state of Borno is hardest hit by conflict-related shifts, the relevant analysis and data are highlighted in this report.