Northeast Nigeria: Flash Update # 2, Geidam LGA, Yobe State, as of May 5, 2021 – Nigeria


• A second attack by non-state armed groups (NSAGs) in less than a week occurred in Yobe state, this time in the city of Kanama, capital of LGA Yunusari, where an estimated 30,000 people have fled for security reasons.
Kanama is about 35 kilometers from Geidam, where the first attack took place on April 23 and 150,000 people are known to have fled to neighboring cities (see Geidam Flash Update No. 1).

• Persistent uncertainty in the cities of Geidam and Kanama as well as in remote locations in Yunusari, Yusufari,
Bursari and Tarmua LGAs are hindering access to IDPs The scarcity of resources to respond to needs remains a challenge for government and partners.

• Multiple displacements and complex movements affect efforts to identify and register many of the IDPs.

• Newcomers to host communities have food, NFI, shelter,
WASH, health and protection services are among the most pressing needs. The majority of displaced persons are women and children who are at significant risk of protection in transit and hosting locations. Several children are unaccompanied and family members are still missing.

• The Yobe state government, humanitarian partners, civil society organizations and host communities continue to provide vital lifesaving assistance to internally displaced persons, with some resources being devoted to other programs to provide rapid emergency response.

• Resource mobilization efforts by the state government and its partners continue to accelerate the lifesaving response, especially as host community resources are rapidly depleting due to the influx of internally displaced people. OCHA is assisting the State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA) in establishing mechanisms at the LGA level to intensify the response and identify / register the most vulnerable groups for priority assistance.

Situation overview

Increasing attacks by NSAG activists continue to trigger mass displacement of civilians in communities in northern Yobe. Less than a week after an estimated 150,000 residents of Geidam city fled their homes, the NSAG launched repeated attacks on Kanama city, a distance of about 35 kilometers that displaced almost the entire civilian population of about 30,000 people. The attacks on Kanama, which began on April 29th, continued through May 5th. Private and public property as well as critical infrastructures were destroyed on a large scale. Most of the displaced are seeking protection in host communities in Yunusari, Bade, Damaturu and Nguru LGAs in Yobe, while others are either still in transit or have traveled to neighboring states such as Bauchi and Borno.

The conditions of the displaced, most of whom are women and children, remain poor with priority needs for food, NFI, shelter, WASH and health services. Multiple displacements and complex movements, including in and out of Geidam town to monitor the situation, and to some remote locations in search of help and services, are affecting efforts to identify and register many of the IDPs.


The increasing influx of internally displaced persons into unprepared and underfunded host communities continues to put pressure on communal / joint facilities in these communities. Newcomers to host communities in Yunusari, Yusufari, Gashua and Damatru have signaled that food, NFI, shelter, WASH, health and protection services are among the most pressing needs. There is an increased risk of protection for women and children accommodated in transit locations and in reception areas, as several cases of missing family members as well as unaccompanied minors and children with a child’s head have been reported.

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