Post-distribution surveillance for Kenyan Monetary Consortium Response to Desert Locust Crisis and Food Insecurity in Asal Counties, Kenya February 2021 – Kenya

BACKGROUND

The arid and semi-arid areas (ASAL) were affected by climate shocks such as dry periods and floods in April 2020 in the last quarter of 2020. Coupled with the desert locust infestation, this has increased the population’s vulnerability to the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, affecting their livelihoods and increasing food insecurity in these counties. In early February 2021, many small, highly mobile immature swarms of locusts were reportedly distributed in the 23 ASAL counties. The locusts destroyed large areas of pasture and rummage that were needed by pastoralists.

As of February 1, 2021, there were a total of 100,856 COVID-19 cases in Kenya. This pandemic has continued to disrupt operations in several sectors of the economy due to government measures to contain the spread of the virus. The measures have had a negative impact on markets, with some being temporarily closed, disrupting food prices, incomes and livelihoods across the country. In early January 2021, the tax break measures were put in place to mitigate the effects of the pandemic like lowering Value Added Tax (VAT) and personal income tax, while basic education institutions reopened across the country.

In an urgent response to the humanitarian needs of affected communities in Wajir, Mandera, Tana River, Garissa and Isiolo counties, the Kenya ACT Consortium (KCC), led by ACTED, worked with Oxfam and its implementing partners, including The Pastoralists Girls Initiative (GgA), the Arid Areas Development Focus (ALDEF), the Merti Integrated Development Program (MIDP), the Wajir South Development Association (WASDA) and the Rural Agency for Community Development and Assistance (RACIDA) are running an emergency cash intervention program for the affected population groups.

To monitor the impact of the unconditional cash transfers (UCTs) provided by the KCC on additional new beneficiary households (HHs) in the ASAL target districts, the IMPACT initiatives conducted a baseline assessment from November 18-26, 2020, followed by the initial monitoring According to Distribution (PDM) rating from December 14-18, 2020. The baseline survey found that 73% of households had poor food consumption (FCS), suggesting that most HHs do not consume foods from different groups. This proportion decreased to 67% of HH’s first PDM score during the reporting period.

This factsheet provides an overview of the results of the second PDM assessment from February 1st to 4th, 2021 as well as a comparison of the key indicators with the results of the baseline and the first PDM assessment. These results are representative of UCT-favored HHs with a confidence level of 95% and an error rate of 10% at the district level. Results that apply to a subset of this population may have a lower level of confidence and a higher rate of error.

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