South Africa: IPC Acute Meals Insecurity Evaluation, September 2020 – March 2021, February 2021 version – South Africa
In the current period from September to December 2020, 9.34 million people in South Africa (16% of the analyzed population) were exposed to high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC phase 3 or higher) and urgently needed to take action to close the food gaps and to secure a living. Of the nine provinces of South Africa, eight: Mpumalanga, Limpopo, Gauteng, Northwest, Free State, North Cape, Eastern Cape and Western Cape were classified as stressed (IPC phase 2) and require measures to protect their livelihood, while the province of Kwa-Zulu Natal is in crisis is classified (IPC phase 3). The deteriorating food security in South Africa is mainly due to the pandemic and COVID-19 mitigation measures, as well as high food prices, drought and economic decline.
In the planned period (January – March 2021), 11.8 million people (20% of the analyzed population) are expected to be in IPC phase 3 or higher. Of the nine provinces examined, seven provinces, namely Limpopo, Northwest, Gauteng, Free State, Kwa-Zulu Natal, Eastern Cape and Western Cape, are likely to fall into crisis (IPC phase 3), while Mpumalanga Province and the North Cape will remain Stressed out in IPC (IPC phase 2). Much of the South African population is likely to need urgent action to fill the food gaps and make a living.