Strict adherence to the Constitution will restore peace and harmony in Nigeria – Legal Expert
By Ibrahim Wuyo, Kaduna
A legal expert, Abdullahi Umar iliyasu Esq, said that if Nigerians abide by the provisions of the constitution and relevant laws relating to revenue sharing, the constitutional principles of federal character and the question of the winner are all in administration As the affairs of the Federation and its member states meet, the high temperature blown up by the nation’s enemies will decrease and peace and harmony will be restored.
Abdullahi Umar iliyasu Esq, during the Ballsbridge University Special Convocation and Honorary Doctorate Award to Distinguished People, presenting a paper entitled “The Role of Legal Justice in Conflict Resolution, the Case of Nigerian Federalism” on the role of legal justice in conflict resolution below special consideration of Nigerian federalism.
“It becomes necessary to use Nigerian federalism as a case study as democracy has set the country on fire after a very long period of military dispensation. It is a contradiction in terms to also address the contentious issue that causes conflict in the country and to show the provisions of the law how such problems can be solved to the satisfaction of the population. The aims of such legal provisions are to do justice to the contending parties, ”he said.
In his opinion, the resolution of social conflicts depends on the society and the intensity of the conflict.
He said: “The most common means of conflict resolution in a homogeneous society is through the application of cultural norms and values. But in a heterogeneous society, socially acceptable laws that are passed by the recognized representatives of the people in parliament can be used for fair regulation. Other ways of resolving conflict include the ability of the conflict partners to understand the nature of the conflict, to communicate and agree with one another, to come together and to compromise to resolve the conflict.
He announced that steps had been taken to underpin the dispute resolution method through the passage of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1998.
All cases of persons, he said, should be submitted to the ordinary law of the country, administered by the ordinary courts, while all men in government or citizens are subject to the same obligation to obey a law, i.e. e equality before the law.
“The rule of law in this regard is therefore based on individual rights as defined and enforced by the constitution and the courts without fear or favor, and opposes any interference by governments or political parties.”
“The doctrine should not only serve to protect and promote the civil and political rights of the individual in a free society, but also to create the social, economic, educational and cultural conditions that are essential for the full development of his personality.”
Umar recalled that prior to the adoption of the 1999 Constitution, there was a military interregnum of about thirteen years. “During this time, the military was ruled by decrees. They override provisions of the Constitution that dealt with all aspects of basic human rights. So many social, economic and political decisions have been made that have led to complaints among Federation constituents, ”he said.
“In 1999 the military decided to hand over power to civilians and established democratic systems of government. They enacted the 1999 Constitution, which established a federal system of government that consisted of the center and the 36 states, the federal capital territory, and 774 local government councils. According to this constitution, the function of the federation is in the exclusive legislative list, which of the states contained in the competing list. In the event of a conflict, the exclusive tasks of the federal government predominate. “
“It is appropriate to clarify the exclusive and simultaneous lists of laws as provided for in Section 4 (second appendix) of the 1999 Constitution. The exclusive list of legislation includes the responsibilities of the federal government, while the parallel list of legislation includes the responsibilities of the federal government and the federal states. In addition, there are the residual functions provided for in Section 4 (7), which assign residual functions to the state governments. There are functions that are not listed in either the exclusive legislative list or the competing legislative list. S7 (5) (fourth appendix) of the constitution provides for the creation of municipal councils with responsibilities defined therein. “
“Given the above division of responsibilities under the 1999 Constitution, why do people lead unnecessary conflicts over the conduct of the affairs of the Federation? In response to this, it is appropriate to point out that the problem lies with the Nigerian elite, that is, the educated elite, the military elite and the business elite. All elites claim to act for and on behalf of their people. But viewed holistically, you can
vividly state that they only act for themselves, for themselves and for their selfish interest in their struggle for power and economic supremacy of the population. “
“The elites only fight among themselves if they fall short or are outwitted to share the national pie or to lose power at the national level. At that point, they will resort to religion, ethnicity, region or zone to stir up negative feelings and heat the community, ”he said.
He also spoke about the conflict triggers in the Nigerian Federation, such as the disappointment with Nigeria as a political entity by Nigerians in some parts of the country who felt marginalized in the exercise of power and authority at the federal level, the Shepherd and Peasant Conflict among others.
Dr. Safiya Umar, speaking in an interview on the occasion, said, “The presentations were mainly about security and the excessive crisis in the country. The threat from Boko Haram, bandits, kidnappers and what have you got?
Regarding the security situation, she said security
“It concerns everyone, security concerns everyone, especially today when there are crises everywhere. You are at home, you are not safe, you are outside, you are not safe. It is a matter of concern for every citizen of the country. “
“My call to those responsible is to look at the grassroots, to strengthen the young people, a high percentage of our young people are unemployed. Politicians should withdraw from the use-and-dump syndrome, in which young people are exploited during politics and then left alone. As soon as they create employment opportunities for the youth, I believe that this will cause the youth in the country to be unrest and there will be peace. Nigeria is a good country and big enough to take everyone with it and provide adequate care, ”she said.