The ongoing violence and conflict in the country, especially in the northern part of Nigeria, has disrupted food production and supplies, with little or no access to agricultural activities to yield farm produce and limited access to adequate quantity and quality of food. More than two million IDP northern Nigerians are victims, thereby resulting in food insecurity.
Studies have shown that one of the major causes of poverty is food insecurity, economic recession, and some other economic reforms.
Food security shows the stability of a nation’s food supply, access to food, and availability of food. At this level of food insecurity, creating actionable plans and strategies for food security in Nigeria is extremely important.
1) Promote small-scale farmers
Farmers play a vital role in food production. They are well knowledgeable in performing farming functions like; clearing, planting, weeding, staking, fertilizer application, harvesting, processing, storage, and marketing.
Promoting small-scale farmers will increase their productivity and income, which is essential for national growth and food security.
2) Provision of equipment and technologies for processing, packaging and storage
A large quantity of food harvest has been lost to inadequate processing, lack of storage facilities and packaging, especially on its trip to the consumers.
Advanced equipment and technologies are needed for food processing and storage and to enhance consumer acceptance of food because of its attractive packaging. It will go a long way in averting food spoilage and losses.
3) Proper marketing of food products
Marketing of food products or items plays a vital role in food security. With proper marketing, consumers will choose from a variety of food products easily, which enhances market flow and income earning. An effective marketing strategy affects food production and household food security.
4) Accessible roads and easy transportation of food products to its distribution channel
In the journey of transporting food products to its channels which are retailers and consumers, transporters are most times faced with issues caused by bad roads.
With infrastructures put in place, such inconveniences will be averted and distribution channels will easily access their goods.
Creating and maintaining favorable policies for food producers will provide a comfortable environment to achieve goals like ensuring poverty alleviation in Nigeria through promotion of entrepreneurship.
These policies should also encourage the training and empowerment of Nigerians, especially the youths, on the goodness of engaging in agricultural activities such as crop production, food processing, and entrepreneurship. It will result in mass agricultural production, creation of jobs and reduce poverty rate.